How Pregnancy Proceeds In Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

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How Pregnancy Proceeds In Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases
How Pregnancy Proceeds In Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

Video: How Pregnancy Proceeds In Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

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Video: Cardiac Disease in Pregnancy - CRASH! Medical Review Series 2023, February
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Pregnancy against the background of pathology of the cardiovascular system is always associated with an increased risk for the mother and child. It is during this period of a woman's life that a huge load falls on the circulatory organs.

How pregnancy proceeds in patients with cardiovascular diseases
How pregnancy proceeds in patients with cardiovascular diseases

Instructions

Step 1

Essential hypertension is a persistent increase in blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg. A woman may suffer from hypertension even before pregnancy or she first appears while waiting for a baby. Before the 12th week of pregnancy, blood pressure decreases slightly and an impression of relative well-being is created.

Step 2

In the future, in most pregnant women, blood pressure steadily increases. The danger for the baby is that, due to constantly narrowed vessels, he does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients. As a result, intrauterine fetal growth retardation, chronic hypoxia occurs. In addition, there is a huge risk of premature placental abruption.

Step 3

In the second half of pregnancy, almost all women with hypertension develop preeclampsia. It is characterized by high blood pressure, the appearance of protein in the urine, edema, and convulsions. Gestosis is extremely dangerous for the life of the mother and child, therefore, all pregnant women with essential hypertension must visit the attending physician on time and take the prescribed medications.

Step 4

Arterial hypotension is a persistent decrease in blood pressure below 100/60 mm Hg. In women who are hypotonic in the first trimester of pregnancy, toxicosis very often occurs. Another danger of the disease is that women tend to fall into hypotonic crises when the pressure drops below 80/50 mm Hg. and loss of consciousness occurs. The crisis is extremely unfavorable for the baby due to the fact that at the time of the drop in pressure, the blood supply to the child sharply decreases and the baby suffers from oxygen deficiency. And this leads to hypoxia and intrauterine growth retardation. In addition, at the moment of loss of consciousness, a woman can fall and hit.

Step 5

In hypotonic patients, the second half of pregnancy is almost always complicated by preeclampsia. Moreover, blood pressure may not exceed normal values ​​(for example, 120/80 mm Hg), but for a patient with arterial hypotension, it will be high. Due to early toxicosis and gestosis, the risk of termination of pregnancy is about 5 times higher than in healthy women.

Step 6

Varicose veins of the lower extremities is another common pathology that accompanies pregnancy. By itself, pregnancy contributes to the onset and progression of varicose veins. With uncomplicated varicose veins, a woman may experience a constant feeling of heaviness in the legs, edema, and cramps. Varicose veins disease can be complicated by thrombosis, thrombophlebitis, pulmonary embolism. Complications can have the most dire consequences for a woman and a child. In such conditions, the risk of death of the mother and the fetus increases significantly, therefore it is important to timely prevent and treat venous diseases.

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