Lichen is an infectious disease and is a type of fungus. The cause of its appearance is dermatophytes, which can be present even in the healthiest people. Lichen can form on any part of the body; it is treated with various methods.
Signs of lichen and confirmation of the diagnosis
Before starting treatment, you need to make sure that the existing symptoms really indicate the appearance of lichen. This disease most often manifests itself in the form of an itchy rash on the surface of the skin. The accumulation of such a rash is usually in the form of a ring with clear boundaries, it can increase over time. If lichen spreads on hairy areas of the body, such as the head, it can be easily confused with other skin conditions. In the initial stages, it looks like a small soft pimple, while lichen can be confused with seborrhea. Rapid hair loss can be a confirmation of lichen. Lichen often appears on the feet and toes. In this case, it manifests itself in the form of blisters and a rash with a scaly surface. If you are unsure about the nature of a skin lesion, see your doctor. He will make an accurate diagnosis after the necessary tests.
Lichen can be treated with antifungal pills. The most commonly used "Terbinafine". This medicine helps to get rid of most types of lichen. Terbinafine is usually taken over a period of months, one tablet a day. Taking these pills can also lead to side effects, such as indigestion or nausea. However, these effects are mild and disappear quickly. This drug should be taken only after consulting a doctor. It has several contraindications, for example, it is not suitable for people with liver problems.
Another over-the-counter medicine is Greseovulvin. This drug prevents the spread of the fungus that causes lichen. It comes in both pill and spray form. The course of treatment is 8 to 10 weeks. "Greseovulvin" also has several contraindications. Its use is not recommended for pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Ointments and creams
Lichen can also be treated with antifungal ointments and creams. These drugs include, for example: miconazole, naftifine, clotrimazole, etc. Most of these drugs are available without a doctor's prescription, but in severe cases, stronger drugs may be prescribed. Use these creams following the directions for use.
You can get rid of lichen by observing basic hygiene. Always keep the affected skin clean and dry and use an antifungal soap. Try to wear loose, light-colored and light clothing. Avoid tight pants, T-shirts, women are not advised to wear tights. Change your bedding daily until the lichen is completely gone.