Diseases of the thyroid gland are diagnosed in every tenth inhabitant of Russia. For successful treatment, it is necessary to contact an endocrinologist at the first signs of pathology.
The clinical picture of thyroid disease is associated with a change in the function or structure of the organ.
Signs of thyroid dysfunction
If the disease leads to a decrease in the secretion of hormones (thyroxine and triiodothyronine), then hypothyroidism develops.
The main symptoms of hypothyroidism are:
- decreased mood background;
- memory impairment;
- decreased intelligence;
- slow speech;
- increased body weight;
- rare pulse;
- swelling of the skin;
- dry skin;
- violation of menstrual function;
- decreased sex drive;
In the event that the disease provokes excessive secretion of hormones, thyrotoxicosis develops.
The main symptoms of thyrotoxicosis: nervousness; lability of mood; insomnia; losing weight against a background of good appetite; interruptions in the work of the heart; rapid pulse; high blood pressure; trembling in the fingers or throughout the body; sweating
To confirm hypothyroidism or thyrotoxicosis, you need to do tests for thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH),.
Signs of a violation of the structure of the thyroid gland
Normally, the structure of the organ is homogeneous, the volume is not more than 18 ml in women and 25 ml in men.
Symptoms of violation of the shape and structure of the gland: change in the shape of the neck; "lump in the throat; Difficulty swallowing solid food dry cough; sore throat; hoarseness of voice.
For an accurate diagnosis of disorders in the structure of the thyroid tissue, an ultrasound examination is necessary.