Tetanus is an acute infectious disease that leads to dangerous toxic damage to the nervous system. The patient develops clonic and tonic convulsions, thermoregulation is disturbed, a compression fracture of the spine, muscle rupture and croupous pneumonia may occur.
The incubation period most often lasts from 7 to 14 days. The shorter the incubation period, the more severe the disease progresses. The main symptoms of tetanus are manifested in the form of pulling pains in the area of the wound, general weakness, sweating, headache, which cannot be removed by any drugs.
Cramps and uncontrolled contraction of the masticatory muscles may appear. Clonic cramps affect the muscles of the back, arms, legs. The death of the patient occurs from asphyxia, when there is a convulsive contraction of the muscles of the larynx and diaphragm.
The clinical picture of the disease is so clear that the doctor can make a diagnosis without any problems. But for clarification, a study of the tissues at the site of injury is carried out. Tetanus bacteria are found in laboratory tests.
The patient must be immediately taken to a specialized tetanus center. As a treatment, a neuroleptic mixture, chloral hydrate is used. In the intensive care unit, total muscle relaxation and artificial lung ventilation are performed.
Routine vaccinations are used as preventive measures. Immunization is carried out with tetanus toxoid. In case of any damage to the skin, you should immediately treat the wounds with an antiseptic and consult a doctor.