The splinter must be removed immediately after it enters the body tissue. But we do not always realize what can happen if an infection enters the body with a splinter. If you have not received a tetanus vaccine in the past five years, and the site of the splinter is swollen and has a fever, go to the hospital immediately. It is reliably known that the biggest troubles often occur because of the little things, which can only be seen through a magnifying glass.
- - a magnifying glass or loupe;
- - iodine;
- - a sharp needle;
- - tweezers;
- - alcohol;
- - potassium permanganate.
First aid consists in self-extraction of the splinter with a needle or tweezers. If the splinter is small and colorless, you will need a magnifying glass to see the splinter.
The next step in removing the splinter is to lubricate the place where the splinter enters the tissue with a manganese solution. This helps to see the point of entry, as it is dyed in a darker color than the surrounding tissue.
Then you should ignite on fire or disinfect the needle with alcohol. Then carefully incise a thin layer of skin over the splinter along its entire length, expose it and remove it with a needle or tweezers.
If the splinter is a metal wire, the "extrusion method" should be used. It consists in collecting the skin where the splinter enters the fold, feeling for the tip and trying to squeeze out the splinter by pressing on it.
Having removed the splinter, it is necessary to squeeze the surrounding tissue so that a drop of blood comes out, so the wound is washed from a possible infection.
Then flush the splinter area with hydrogen peroxide or alcohol. If the wound is large, a piece of cotton wool should be applied and bandaged.
If, nevertheless, redness, pain appears, that is, an infection develops, it is necessary to make a hot bath with potassium permanganate or salt (a teaspoon per 100 grams of water). In the future, make a bandage with an antibiotic ointment or an alcoholic medicinal composition.