Common Belladonna: Application In Medicine

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Common Belladonna: Application In Medicine
Common Belladonna: Application In Medicine

Video: Common Belladonna: Application In Medicine

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Video: How This Poisonous Plant Became Medicine (Belladonna) 2023, February
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Common belladonna, or Belladonna, despite the fact that it is a poisonous plant, is successfully used in official and folk medicine. Its healing properties help to cure many ailments.

belladonna
belladonna

Common belladonna (Atropa Beladonna) has many interesting and characteristic names (wolfberry, mad cherry, witch's herb, sleepy stupor, etc.). The plant received its Latin name in honor of the mythical goddess, who, according to legend, had power over the thread of human life. Being highly poisonous, even three Krasavka berries could destroy the person who ate them.

Healing characteristics of the plant

It should be noted that all parts of the plant are saturated with poison to varying degrees. In small doses, Belladonna has a healing effect on the body. Mainly, its use in medicine is associated with the effects of the atropine-like alkaloids that it contains. The main ones are hyoscyamine, which is transformed into atropine and scopolamine. In addition, Krasavka vulgaris contains flavonoids, organic acids, steroids, quercetin derivatives, oxycoumarins and other biologically active substances.

The pharmacological effects of the plant are due to the central and peripheral action of atropine, which blocks M-cholinergic receptors. This leads to arousal of the central nervous system and an improvement in mental and physical performance. Thus, atropine has the following effects on the body:

  • accelerates heart rate and improves cardiac conduction;
  • stimulates the respiratory center;
  • relaxes the smooth muscles of all organs (bronchi, uterus, etc.);
  • reduces the secretion of glandular cells;
  • weakens the motility of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • dilates the pupils;
  • helps to increase intraocular pressure;
  • eliminates spasms.

Belladonna preparations are produced in the form of tinctures, preparations, extracts, tablets, suppositories and as part of complex products.

When a doctor prescribes Belladonna

Any medicines containing Krasavka are used only as directed by a doctor, with the obligatory observance of the prescribed dosages and recommendations. A doctor may write a prescription for the following conditions:

  • diseases of the respiratory system of spastic genesis, in particular, bronchial asthma;
  • pathology of the cardiovascular system associated with blockade of electrical conduction, slow heart rate, etc.
  • a number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (intestinal colic, ulcerative gastritis, gallstone disease, etc.);
  • some neurological and mental problems (Parkinson's disease, VSD, paresis of various origins, depression, etc.);
  • endocrine disorders characterized by increased secretion of glands;
  • in gynecological practice with uterine spasms, to normalize labor, with an immature cervix before childbirth, etc.;
  • spasms of the genitourinary system, renal colic;
  • haemorrhoids;
  • inflammatory eye diseases;
  • prevention of cardiac arrest and bronchospasm during anesthesia;
  • intoxication caused by certain types of mushrooms (fly agaric), narcotic analgesics, antidepressants, organophosphorus compounds, proserinoma and other anticholinesterase substances.

Belladonna is widely used by ophthalmologists to dilate the pupils during diagnostic procedures. For a long time and successfully, this plant has been used in homeopathy and folk medicine. Healers recommend applying leaves to breast neoplasms and making compresses for joint pain. Folk recipes help in the treatment of cancer and Parkinson's disease. But it is important to remember that any use of non-traditional drugs must be approved by a doctor.

Contraindications

When taking Belladonna's preparations, one must not forget that she is a poisonous plant.Self-treatment with Krasavka is life-threatening, as it can lead to side effects (tachycardia, intestinal atony, dizziness, dry mucous membranes, etc.), poisoning and death. Contraindications are:

  • glaucoma;
  • hypertension;
  • intestinal obstruction and intestinal atony;
  • violation of the outflow of urine, in particular due to the pathology of the prostate in men;
  • acute bleeding or the danger of their appearance, for example, with ulcerative colitis;
  • decompensated heart failure;
  • severe atherosclerosis;
  • pregnancy (except for the period of childbirth) and lactation;
  • hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.

With caution, you need to take Belladonna's preparations with hernias, with stones in the kidneys, gall bladder and other organs. Medicines are not prescribed for patients whose work requires increased attention and responsibility. During treatment, it is best to refrain from driving.

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