Psoriasis is a chronic sluggish skin disease, the etiology of which has not yet been fully understood. The therapy for this pathology is complex, including the use of local and general treatment. The use of ointments and creams is of particular importance.
There are 2 groups of ointments used in the treatment of psoriasis: hormonal and non-hormonal. The former are used more often and act faster, but they have many side effects. Before choosing an ointment based on hormones, you need to know that they disrupt the production of their own hormones in the endocrine glands and, as a result, an imbalance occurs.
A very formidable complication can be liver failure, impaired renal and heart function. As hormonal ointments based on glucocorticosteroids are the most popular. They all differ in their composition.
For example, ointments based on triamcinolone - "Berlikort", "Phtoderm" relieve itching and inflammation, prevent allergic reactions. Often after their therapy, secondary skin lesions can be observed. Betamethasone-based ointments - "Betasalik", "Belosalik" are used very often.
They reduce the permeability of the capillary wall, constrict blood vessels. Such ointments contain active fluoride, which makes them many times more effective than other drugs. When choosing an ointment for a patient with psoriasis, many factors must be taken into account: background diseases, age, weight of the patient, individual intolerance.
Non-hormonal ointments are also of several types: tar-based, indifferent, and others. The former contain herbal ingredients, so they are safer. This is especially important for pregnant women, children, the elderly.
This group includes "Antrasulfone ointment". Indifferent ointments are also widely used. This includes: zinc ointment, sulfuric and others. But, despite their safety, they have their own contraindications.
For example, salicylic acid-based ointment should not be used by people with ulcers, anemia, and pregnancy. There are ointments based on oil products: Naftalanovaya, Neftesan. Unlike hormonal ones, they are safe when applied, give fewer side effects, addiction to them is less likely - a decrease in the therapeutic effect with prolonged use. But they work less efficiently and last longer.
Thus, based on all of the above, it can be concluded that the choice of an ointment for the treatment of psoriasis is not an easy matter. It is necessary to select the ointment strictly individually and depending on the severity of the symptoms, consultation with a specialist doctor before use is required.