What Is Hay Fever?

What Is Hay Fever?
What Is Hay Fever?
Video: What Is Hay Fever?
Video: The Science of Hay Fever... Are Parasitic Worms The Cure? 2023, February
Anonim

Pollinosis - allergy to pollen, pollen allergy, seasonal allergic rhinitis, seasonal fever - all these are the names of a disease that occurs in people with an allergic predisposition. Every year, when certain plants are in bloom, their immune systems fail. Every third Russian every year experiences symptoms of this disease.

What is hay fever?
What is hay fever?

Factors affecting the appearance of hay fever

Heredity is one of the factors contributing to the manifestation of hay fever. But you need to know that only a predisposition to the disease, and not the disease itself, passes from allergic parents to children.

is another factor. Poor ecology reduces immunity and facilitates the penetration of allergens into the body, contributing to the development of hay fever. Therefore, they are more often affected by city dwellers.

Allergy mechanism

The disease develops when, for unknown reasons, the immune system begins to fulfill its direct responsibilities (protecting the body from the invasion of foreign substances) with excessive zeal and exceeds its assigned powers. At the same time, she loses control and begins to react to a completely harmless substance as dangerous. As a result, an allergic reaction develops. This mechanism can be compared to the behavior of an overly sensitive, susceptible person who is very offended even by the most neutral comments of others.

Symptoms

The most typical manifestation of the disease is a sensation of a foreign body in the eyes, then tearing, swelling and redness of the eyelids appear. Most often, both eyes are affected, but visual acuity is not impaired. At the same time, itching appears in the nasopharynx, sneezing attacks, which alternate with nasal congestion. Ear pain and hoarseness gradually appear.

A characteristic feature of hay fever is strict cyclicity: an exacerbation during the flowering period of plants is replaced by a long-term remission as soon as the allergen ceases to act.

Hiding from the allergen

Planning your life for the period of exacerbation of the disease should be in such a way as to be in a climatic zone that does not have strong allergenic properties. If you can't go to another region, try to be on the street less. If you always live outside the city and are a villager, then when working in the garden, wear a mask made of several layers of gauze or thin cotton fabric. On dry and windy days, hang a damp cloth on the windows or keep them tightly closed. Do a wet cleaning at home every day. Go outside in sunglasses, and cover your nose with a damp handkerchief or napkin.

Seasonal diet

Even if you do not have food allergies, it is better to exclude food allergens from the diet during hay fever so as not to provoke a confused immune system without them.

Strong allergens: red fruits and berries, honey, chocolate, nuts, citrus fruits, mushrooms, fish and seafood, chicken, eggs and milk.

Treatment methods

If you have hay fever, see your doctor. The allergist will prescribe antihistamines to help relieve the symptoms of hay fever.

The main method of dealing with hay fever is specific hyposensitization. The patient is injected with an allergen that causes the symptoms of the disease. It is introduced in increasing doses, which ultimately leads to a change in the body's response to the allergen and the normalization of metabolism.

Popular by topic