Recurrent inflammatory processes of the urinary tract are much more common in women. This is due to the female anatomy, which contributes to the rapid proliferation of inflammation-causing bacteria. Fortunately, there are many ways to fight disease-causing microbes. How to avoid bladder inflammation and what to do when a urinary tract infection has already reached your body?
Causes of inflammation of the bladder
The female urethra is 4 times shorter than the male and is only 4-5 centimeters long. In addition, it is located in the immediate vicinity of the vaginal orifice and rectum, which are the natural habitat for many bacteria.
When germs enter between the anus and vagina, they can enter the urethra and then migrate into the bladder. The most common causes of urinary tract inflammation include:
- frequent sexual intercourse - during intercourse, bacteria easily pass into the vicinity of the urethra;
- tight and made from artificial fibers underwear (sweaty intimate areas promote the growth of bacteria);
- improper hygiene of intimate places;
- use of public toilets;
- the use of perfumed products for feminine hygiene.
Treatment of urinary tract infections
- As soon as the first unpleasant symptoms appear (burning, urge to urinate, oliguria, pain in the urethra), surgery is necessary. In order to prevent the development of infection, it is worth using preparations containing cranberry, black currant, pomegranate or blackberry extract. The vitamins contained in them inhibit the development of bacteria and greatly facilitate the course of inflammation.
- It is also necessary to consume a large amount of liquid - mineral water with lemon is best suited here. Herbal preparations will also be useful. It is recommended to use both tea and tinctures, as well as trays or tablets.
- During the period of infection, it is worth giving up sex, because sexual intercourse prolongs the course of the disease and can cause a partner to become infected.
- If after 2-3 days of treatment with home remedies, symptoms do not decrease or if fever, vomiting, pain in the kidneys appear, and traces of blood are visible in the urine, it is best to see a doctor immediately. You will be referred for tests, and based on their results, appropriate treatment will be prescribed.