Iridocyclitis is an inflammation of the choroid. The disease is sometimes called uveitis and presents with a number of symptoms. To diagnose an ailment, it is mandatory to undergo an examination by an ophthalmologist. Treatment of the disease consists in reducing the symptoms and getting rid of their root cause.
Iridocyclitis can appear as a result of the spread of various infectious processes to the vessels of the eye. Often uveitis can be observed in patients with malaria, polychondritis, Reiter's syndrome, toxocariasis, toxoplasmosis, cat scratch disease. The disease is possible as a result of direct infection with the eyeball. There are also a number of other rare conditions that can cause iridocyclitis. For example, Wegener's granulomatosis, leprosy, sarcoidosis, leukemia, Blau's syndrome, multiple sclerosis.
There are about 7 symptoms that are common in most patients with iridocyclitis. The main one is visual impairment. In this case, the image that appears in front of the eyes becomes slightly blurred, which is also a feature of the disease. The remoteness of the object from a person does not play a role - clouding is observed both with close study and when trying to see something at a distance.
In 76% of all patients, the disease is accompanied by eye pain, which most often indicates uveitis. Against the background of painful sensations, redness is observed in 63% of patients. 27% of people report persistent headache, which, however, is not one of the most striking symptoms. The same number of people who have iridocyclitis complain of persistent spots before their eyes.
Another symptom by which the disease can be diagnosed is inflammation of the tissues around the eyeballs (including the eyelids), accompanied by increased lacrimation. In 15% of cases of uveitis, patients have a feeling of having a foreign object in the eye, and 8% may have a characteristic burning sensation.
In the absence of therapy, symptoms may worsen and complications appear. So, in patients with iridocyclitis, an anomaly in the development of the iris is often observed. Cataracts and increased eye pain are equally likely. The disease leads to hyperlacrimation, pupillary constriction and secondary glaucoma, which in turn can cause blindness.
Without timely referral to a specialist, the likelihood of a successful differential diagnosis is significantly reduced due to a decrease in the specificity of symptoms and the appearance of secondary conditions caused by uveitis. Treatment of the disease consists in eliminating the cause of inflammation and eliminating the existing symptoms. In most cases, effective therapy can be carried out without surgery.