Many people are accustomed to enduring illnesses on their feet, because flu and colds seem to be completely trifling illnesses, with which it is a shame to go to a doctor. But is it really so?
"Simple" flu and colds
Since everyone has had the flu or a cold at least once in their life, it seems to many that these are very frivolous diseases. And with minor illnesses, you cannot go to the doctor, because it seems like a waste of time, effort and money. Moreover, now a visit to a doctor has become not very simple - an appointment through an electronic registration is necessary, and there are often no places.
But doctors unanimously say that viral diseases are dangerous because of their complications. If the disease begins with a runny nose and headache, active physical activity, stress at work can provoke an aggravation of the pathological process. And then the bacterial flora joins and the inflammation goes down the respiratory tract.
Complications of ARVI
Complications are classified as early and late. Early complications are very dangerous - they develop with lightning speed and in a very severe form. Early complications include:
- meningitis (inflammation of the soft membranes of the brain and spinal cord);
- encephalitis (inflammation of the brain);
- pulmonary edema.
Late complications are associated with the spread of infection to other organs and systems. So, the most common late complication is bronchitis or pneumonia. They develop when the bacterial coccal flora is attached, when the process descends down the bronchi.
Complications on the ENT organs are not fatal, but unpleasant, because as a result of viral otitis media, the auditory nerve may die, followed by irreversible deafness in one or both ears.
Heart complications are difficult and dangerous. These include cardiomyopathy, cardiomegaly, and myocardiosclerosis. These complications are very dangerous, because they can appear in patients of any age and social status without any connection with immunity and health. Most cardiac complications require a heart transplant.
Visit to the doctor
Given the risk of complications, you need to see a doctor as early as possible. The doctor will select the appropriate antiviral therapy, physiotherapy treatment, prescribe a bed or medical and protective regimen with limited physical activity.
With properly selected and promptly started treatment, acute respiratory viral infections are completely cured in 5-7 days. But if the disease is started, then the treatment can take two or even three weeks. That is why you need to see a doctor at the first sign of a cold, without feeling a sense of false awkwardness.