How To Understand That I Have A Fracture

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How To Understand That I Have A Fracture
How To Understand That I Have A Fracture

Video: How To Understand That I Have A Fracture

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A fracture is a violation of the integrity of a bone, complete or partial. Fractures occur as a result of the load on the bone, exceeding its strength limit, are divided into open and closed.

How to understand that I have a fracture
How to understand that I have a fracture

Instructions

Step 1

In a closed fracture, the bone is completely broken or cracked, while the skin is intact (not counting bruises and superficial injuries). With an open fracture, there is a defect in the skin, and fragments of bone are often visible on the surface. Such fractures are usually very difficult, they are often accompanied by heavy bleeding and secondary infection.

Step 2

All signs of a fracture are divided into relative and absolute. Relative - these are symptoms that can accompany not only fractures, but also severe bruises, sprains and dislocations. These include soft tissue edema, visible deformity, tenderness, and hematoma in the area of ​​the suspected fracture. If the hematoma pulsates, then this indicates bleeding. Also, this can include such a sign as limitation of limb mobility.

Step 3

Absolute signs are characteristic only for fractures. These include the unnatural position of the limb, with a complete fracture, its pathological mobility is noted (the bone is mobile in the place where there is no joint). With an open fracture, debris may be visible in the wound. The last absolute sign is the characteristic crunch when pressing in the area of ​​the fracture, audible with the naked ear.

Step 4

A person can get fractures not only of the limbs, but also of the ribs. They are especially common in the winter season after falls on a slippery road, among athletes (wrestling, sambo). A rib fracture can be suspected if some symptoms appear after a chest injury. These include chest pain, which sharply increases with a deep breath, coughing, a person takes a forced position, his movements are constrained. Bruises and bruises are visually determined, with pressure in the area of ​​\ u200b \ u200bthe sore spot - a crunch.

Step 5

If a displaced fracture occurs, the pleura may be damaged. In such cases, shortness of breath, shallow breathing, cyanosis of the nasolabial triangle appear. If the blood vessels are damaged, signs of internal bleeding appear - severe weakness, dizziness, pallor of the skin, and blood pressure drops.

Step 6

At the first suspicion of a fracture, you must call an ambulance or go to an emergency room. Before receiving medical assistance, you need to fix the injured limb; for this, a splint or any available means is used - a board, an even stick. A splint is applied so that the joints above and below the fracture site are captured.

Step 7

For open fractures, clean napkins should be applied to the wound before splint is applied. The damaged area should not be wrapped too tightly so as not to disrupt blood circulation. If possible, the victim should take an anesthetic drug and apply ice to the damaged area, this will help reduce pain and swelling.

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