Infectious mononucleosis is a viral disease that is very similar in symptomatology to angina. It affects children and adolescents, which is why in some countries it is informally called "student disease". In a sick person, the tonsils become inflamed, the lymph nodes enlarge, which is also accompanied by painful sensations on palpation. The temperature rises, a fever occurs, pain in muscles and bones, an enlarged liver and spleen.
There is no vaccine against infectious mononucleosis. No special preventive measures aimed at preventing this particular disease - too. The doctors' recommendations boil down to the fact that it is necessary to increase immunity and carry out the same preventive measures as for any viral infection.
To increase the level of immunity, regularly carry out a set of hardening measures. Wash with cool water, walk around the house barefoot, take a contrast shower, gradually increasing the duration of its cold part and lowering the temperature of the water. If health permits, pour cold water over the winter.
Try to lead a healthy lifestyle, give up bad habits. Include in your diet easily digestible foods rich in vitamins and minerals. You can consume citrus fruits, dairy and other foods. Exercise, stay outdoors more, do exercises in the morning.
In consultation with your doctor, you can take medications that increase the level of immunity. Better plant origin, for example, tincture of Eleutherococcus, ginseng, Schisandra chinensis.
Since mononucleosis is transmitted by airborne droplets, it is necessary to exclude contact with a sick person. All persons who communicated with him can get sick within twenty days, counting from the day of the last contact. If a child attending kindergarten falls ill, it is necessary to carry out a thorough wet cleaning of the group premises, using disinfectants. Common items (dishes, toys) are also subject to disinfection. Other children who attended the same group, as prescribed by the pediatrician, can be administered a specific immunoglobulin to prevent the disease.