Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus

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Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus
Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus

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Video: Diabetes - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options 2023, February

Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which there is a lack of insulin in a person's blood. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body dissolve and absorb glucose. If this substance is not enough in the body, an increased sugar content is observed in the blood, while the cells, on the contrary, do not receive sufficient nutrition.

Causes, symptoms and treatment of diabetes mellitus
Causes, symptoms and treatment of diabetes mellitus

In a healthy person, insulin is produced by the pancreas, if it does not work well and this hormone is not enough, then diabetes appears. This disease is divided into two types: insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

Diabetes of the first type often occurs in young people, the course of the disease is quite severe, and as a treatment the patient is given insulin injections at regular intervals throughout his life. In addition, the patient requires constant monitoring of blood sugar levels and a very strict diet.

Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) most often occurs in people over the age of 40, usually due to overweight and a sedentary lifestyle. A person with this diagnosis is initially put on a diet that excludes foods that contain fast-digesting carbohydrates. In the future, the doctor monitors the patient's condition and, if necessary, prescribes additional treatment, for example, sugar-reducing pills, and if they do not help, then insulin.

Diabetes causes

A hereditary predisposition can play a role here, so if you have relatives with this ailment, try to exclude other factors as much as possible so as not to get sick yourself.

These factors include: obesity, pancreatic disease, severe stress.

Some previous viral infections, such as rubella, chickenpox, epidemic hepatitis and some others, can also give an impetus to the development of the disease.

Symptoms of the disease

Symptoms of the disease may include: constant thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, a constant feeling of weakness and fatigue, temporary loss or deterioration of vision, sudden weight fluctuations, heaviness in the legs, numbness and tingling of the extremities, dizziness, decreased body temperature, the appearance of leg cramps …

Also pay attention to the prolonged healing of wounds or abrasions and the protracted nature of the transfer of viral infections or colds.

One or two of these symptoms can be caused by various reasons, but if you find five or more similar symptoms in yourself, this is a reason to consult a doctor and take a blood test to determine the level of glucose in the blood.

Diabetes mellitus treatment

Unfortunately, this disease is incurable, but you can live with it for many years an almost normal life, provided that all the prescriptions of the attending physician are strictly followed.

The very presence of diabetes mellitus is rarely fatal, with regular administration of insulin, but it can cause many unpleasant complications such as stroke, myocardial infarction, renal failure, blindness, gangrene and many others.

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