Diabetes mellitus is a serious disease of two types. In the first type, the pancreas does not produce insulin or produces it in insufficient quantities; in the second, insulin is produced in sufficient quantities, sometimes even in excess, but the cells do not assimilate it. In all cases, blood sugar levels are elevated on an empty stomach and after meals. The first signs of the disease may not be, or they are not paid attention to, attributing them to other ailments.
urine and blood tests
The earliest signs of any type of diabetes mellitus are increased thirst, dry mouth, and increased urination that bothers you at night. Very often, thirst and dry mouth are attributed to a violation of the diet, with a high content of spices or salt in the diet. But even if you constantly adhere to a gentle diet, dry mouth will be present.
With any type of diabetes, immunity decreases, which leads to constant colds, viral and pustular infections. Colds can follow one another, which should also alert the patient. The skin becomes dry, but pustules appear in certain places or throughout the body, and do not heal for a long time. The mucous membranes may crack, the patient experiences constant itching.
An upward or downward change in appetite may also indicate an elevated blood sugar level. Moreover, if the appetite is increased, but the person is rapidly losing weight, then this is the first sign that it is necessary to consult an endocrinologist and undergo a full examination: to take tests for sugar levels and check the thyroid gland.
At night, cramps of the calf muscles can disturb, sometimes they are so strong that a person wakes up from severe pain and cannot sleep for a long time. Due to the increase in sugar levels, the body loses magnesium and potassium, which leads to seizures.
In the later stages of diabetes, vision is severely lost, all objects are visible through a cloudy film. If you do not take measures to systematically maintain sugar at an optimal level, then vision can be completely impaired.
With diabetes of any type, the patient experiences constant weakness, loss of strength, frequent mood swings. All of these symptoms can be attributed to chronic fatigue. In fact, this happens because the cells of the body are not sensitive to insulin or it is not produced, so the body does not have enough energy. Lack of energy also leads to the syndrome of chronic fatigue and weakness.
Everything in the aggregate should be alarming. Regardless of whether there are symptoms of diabetes mellitus or not, everyone should be constantly tested for blood sugar levels in order to detect the disease in time. The earlier diabetes is diagnosed, the less harm it will cause to the body.