Salmonellosis is an infectious disease with a variety of clinical symptoms. An asymptomatic clinical form is possible when a person is a carrier and Salmonella is found in the blood. But most often the digestive organs are affected, and the disease takes on a severe septic form.
The most common form of salmonellosis that occurs in most patients is gastrointestinal. The disease is always acute. The body temperature immediately rises to 40 degrees, chills, general weakness, intoxication are present. The patient suffers from severe abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea. The body is quickly dehydrated.
The typhoid form of salmonellosis does not differ in symptoms from typhoid fever. Only on the basis of the isolation of the blood culture of the infectious agent can an accurate diagnosis be made.
The septic form of salmonellosis is especially acute. The main symptoms: severe toxicosis, fever lasting for several weeks, the development of secondary purulent foci of inflammation in the musculoskeletal system.
Acute dysentery is caused by the colitis form of salmonellosis.
The main clinical manifestations of salmonellosis are similar to those of other diseases. Therefore, an infectious disease specialist can make an accurate diagnosis only on the basis of the results of laboratory tests and the identification of the pathogen. After isolating the blood culture, the doctor makes the correct diagnosis.
Treatment of all forms of salmonellosis is carried out in a hospital setting. Polyionic solutions are administered parenterally, hemodesis is performed, hydrocortisone or prednisolone is prescribed. The patient is discharged from the hospital only after complete recovery. Lifetime bacterial carriers form in 1% of patients.