Often, even the most beautiful and attractive smile can be spoiled by plaque or stains on the teeth, despite the regular observance of all hygiene rules. It is worth noting that unlike the daily film that forms from bacteria and food debris, tartar is a certain mineralized deposit on the surface of the teeth that cannot be removed at home.
Tartar is a hard limestone that gradually appears on the tooth enamel. As a rule, these formations begin to grow in hard-to-reach places, in the gaps between the teeth and in the area of the tooth neck, where insufficient hygienic processing is carried out.
Plaque naturally forms immediately after eating. After a certain time, a large number of bacteria that process food and secrete a variety of substances, adhere plaque to the surface of the tooth, transforming it into an increasingly thickening film. If it is not regularly cleaned off, then after a week the soft formation crystallizes. Thus, minerals are retained on the surface of the tooth and tartar appears.
It is necessary to know that tartar not only gives an unpleasant appearance, but also greatly harms the overall health of the oral cavity. Most of these formations are accumulations of microorganisms that gradually multiply in the mouth. In this quantity, they are not only a source of various infections for internal organs, but also over time are transformed into pathogenic microflora, which causes inflammatory diseases of the gums. In addition, the roots of the teeth remain open, subject to further pathogenic effects of dental calculus. Rapid tissue destruction occurs.
The teeth are attached to the bony base, which is located in the upper and lower jaws, using thin connecting fibers. Tartar can form not only on the outer surface of the tooth, but also penetrate deep into the gums, destroying the natural connection and causing the development of periodontitis.
To prevent the formation of tartar, you should regularly and correctly brush your teeth. This is the main method of preventing this disease. To do this, the daily procedure for cleaning teeth should be at least 5 minutes. Failure to follow the rules of brushing your teeth, inappropriate or low-quality toothpaste, or an incorrectly selected toothbrush lead to the accumulation of plaque, which gradually turns into tartar.
Favorable factors that contribute to the development of tartar include: alcohol consumption and smoking, intake of mostly soft food, diseases of internal organs, violation of the chewing process, consumption of carbonated drinks, a large amount of carbohydrates, and the habit of snacking.