The human body does not contain anything superfluous, and for a comfortable life, everything must work harmoniously. However, a person does not often think about what some organs are responsible for. For example, the pancreas is rarely given attention.
Pancreas: location and main functions
The pancreas in the human body is located approximately above the liver, extending from the spleen to the duodenum 12. The head of the organ, whose scientific name sounds like Pancreas, is located in a horseshoe-shaped space. It is formed by the duodenum, to which the gland is connected by a duct.
The pancreas has three lobes (middle, right and left) and two glands. The endocrine hormones are produced, and the exocrine juice is responsible for the pancreatic juice for digesting nutrients obtained from food.
The main function of the pancreas is precisely to produce pancreatic juice (secretion). During the day, the organ can secrete up to 2.5 liters of colorless transparent liquid. With its help, the contents of the stomach, which have an acidic environment, will be neutralized in the duodenum. Thus, pancreatic juice secreted by the exocrine part of the pancreas is responsible for the high-quality processing of fats, proteins, carbohydrates and neutralizes foods with high acidity.
The second function of the pancreas is to produce hormones. The main ones are glucogone, insulin, somatostatin. These hormones are responsible for the synthesis of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, the processing and transport of glucose to other organs.
Dangers of malfunctioning pancreas
The pancreas is considered the most vulnerable organ in the digestive system. With insufficient production of pancreatic juice, food will be poorly digested and absorbed by the intestinal walls. If the activity of the organ is hyperactive, autolysis will begin. The pancreas will digest itself. Until now, there are no medicines that can control the work of different parts of the organ.
However, the main danger to the condition of the pancreas is junk, heavy food and alcohol. The organ can become inflamed even after one meal with pickles. Regular alcohol consumption and poor diet can lead to pancreatitis.
With pancreatitis, the functions of the pancreas are impaired. The main symptoms of inflammation are pain after eating (it can radiate to the right, left or back), nausea, and diarrhea. Some people confuse the development of pancreatitis with poisoning. One of the differences: vomiting with inflammation has a sour taste.
If you feel unwell, it is recommended to consult a doctor, undergo the recommended tests. Pancreatitis is terrible not only with unpleasant symptoms, but also with bad consequences. Dysfunction of the pancreas can lead to diabetes or obesity.
In order for the function of the pancreas to be performed efficiently and not to cause problems, it is necessary to adhere to proper nutrition. Fatty, fried and smoked foods, high-protein foods, fast food, flavors and preservatives have a particularly bad effect on the organ. Alcohol, all kinds of sauces and seasonings (including mustard and horseradish), butter creams and ice cream are also provocateurs of pancreatitis.