Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted disease that is primarily sexually transmitted. Symptoms are nonspecific and a microscopic examination of the patient's smear is required to obtain a diagnosis.
Trichomoniasis is not only transmitted through genital intercourse - there is a high probability of contracting Trichomonas through oral and anal sex. Also in medical practice, cases were recorded when infection occurred through finger contact with the affected genitals. However, there are studies that suggest that the likelihood of contracting the infection through traditional sex is higher.
The possibility of getting the disease increases due to the fact that it is often asymptomatic, which means that partners do not see the need to visit a specialist or at least use contraception.
Trichomoniasis is transmitted through direct contact with blood, vaginal secretions, or the semen of an infected person. It is also possible to infect the fetus during pregnancy from a sick mother in a vertical way. If Trichomonas have reached the birth canal, the child may be infected at birth.
It is unlikely to get the disease through everyday contact, however, many researchers note that trichomoniasis is practically the only sexually transmitted disease that can be transmitted through public items. The infection can be transmitted by sharing a towel, washcloth, or underwear.
The bacteria themselves survive in various conditions and are able to live for several hours in the bathroom, toilet bowls, syringes and dishes. Best of all, the causative agent of the disease lives in rooms with high humidity, where there is a low air temperature and there is no bright sunlight. It is possible to exclude the possibility of contracting the disease by observing hygiene. However, the likelihood of domestic transmission of the infection is unlikely.
After infection, the incubation period of the disease lasts about 10-25 days. Often, the infection is asymptomatic, which is why many patients are unaware of the presence of a causative agent in their body. The degree of symptoms that appear depends on how much the genitourinary tract is affected. After infection, women may experience characteristic vaginal discharge, itching and burning in the external genitals, pain in the lower back and lower abdomen, and discomfort during sexual intercourse. With lesions of the urethra, pain occurs during urination.
In men, the disease is most often mild. In some cases, urethritis may develop, which causes a burning sensation when urinating and an increased urge to use the toilet. In severe lesions, purulent or bloody discharge, perineal pain, and concomitant cystitis, prostatitis, or pyelonephritis may also occur.