The gallbladder acts as a storehouse for bile in the body. In addition, it maintains a constant pressure of bile in the ducts and promotes its movement. After removal of the gallbladder, its functions are partially replaced by the ducts. If cholecystitis is not complicated by prolonged inflammatory processes, life after removal of the gallbladder does not change dramatically.
Eat at least 5-6 times a day. Regular intake of food promotes the secretion of bile and its excretion into the intestines. This is an important process that prevents stagnation in the bile ducts and the formation of stones. Do not give up the use of olive and sunflower oils, they are good choleretic agents.
Reduce or eliminate foods that are high in animal fats. In such products there is a lot of cholesterol, which contributes to the retention of bile in the ducts and relapses of cholecystitis. Animal fats are found in large quantities in egg yolks, pork, lamb, poultry skin, fatty fish, concentrated broth.
Cut back on carbohydrates, especially when combined with fats. It can be all kinds of cakes, pastries, homemade pastries with butter or cream. Eliminate cold food from the diet, it contributes to the stagnation of bile in the ducts. Steam or simmer with a little vegetable oil. It is better to refuse fried foods altogether.
Avoid drinking alcohol, it puts additional stress on the liver and causes spasm of the sphincter of Oddi. In this case, bile ceases to freely exit the ducts, which leads to their stretching, and subsequently to stagnation of bile. This threatens the formation of inflammatory processes and cholelithiasis of the ducts.
Avoid strenuous exercise that involves abdominal muscles for a year after surgery. For physical activity, ask your doctor to prescribe you exercise therapy with special exercises that will help you carry out a light massage of the abdominal organs. This is necessary to improve the healing process of tissues and the discharge of bile.
Check with a gastroenterologist at least 2 times a year. Consultations and timely recommendations of a specialist will help to avoid complications and relapses of the disease.