Adenoma is a benign neoplasm on the gland. As a rule, adenoma of the prostate, breast and thyroid gland is subdivided. Each species has its own characteristics and reasons for its appearance.
Adenoma of the prostate is a male disease that usually appears after 50 years of age. The disorder is caused by overgrowth of the glandular tissue of the bladder neck. She, in turn, is of three types. In the first case, the tumor penetrates into the bladder and deforms its internal sphincter, which leads to impaired urinary function. In the second case, a tumor appears in the rectum, as a result of which the contractility of the urethra is lost. The third type is the hardening of the prostate due to the pressure of the adenoma without the occurrence of urinary disorders.
Adenoma of the mammary gland is a neoplasm in the breast, which is quite easily detected on self-examination. As a rule, the disease has clear boundaries and looks like a ball. It can be single or multiple. At a young age, very often the disease passes without a trace, that is, the tumor resolves. To do this, it is necessary to identify the disease in time (using ultrasound). The surgical method of removal is used only if there is a suspicion of a transition to a malignant form or the adenoma is rapidly increasing in size.
Thyroid adenoma occurs in women and men aged 50-55 years and older. It can degenerate into an oncological disease. Non-toxic adenoma is manifested by a feeling of tightness in the neck, difficulty breathing and swallowing food, shortness of breath. Toxic goiter (adenoma) is accompanied by thyrotoxicosis, an increase in the amount of thyroid hormones.
Any type of adenoma requires mandatory treatment, since the further development of the disease can lead to negative consequences (disruption of the work of other organs, deterioration of the general condition of the body).