Breast Cancer: When Is It Time To See A Doctor

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Breast Cancer: When Is It Time To See A Doctor
Breast Cancer: When Is It Time To See A Doctor

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According to statistics, about 50,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer a year. Therefore, in this situation, doctors sound the alarm and ask women to be attentive to their health. The mammary gland is a very sensitive and vulnerable female organ, which depends on the woman's menstrual cycle, her emotional state, and hormonal levels. Sometimes a woman can notice painful sensations, swelling in the chest. Sometimes this is normal, but in some cases it is necessary to visit a doctor.

Breast cancer: when is it time to see a doctor
Breast cancer: when is it time to see a doctor

Breast cancer risk factors

The risk group for such a disease includes: women over 35 years old, if a woman on the maternal side had cases of such a disease (especially a mother and grandmother), as well as women who have repeatedly terminated pregnancy, experiencing constant stress or overwork, and hormonal imbalance.

Therefore, from the age of 16, a woman must annually undergo examinations by a mammologist, which are carried out depending on the age of the patient by palpation, ultrasound or X-ray. Remember, early diagnosis of the disease increases the chances of treatment.

Breast diseases

The most common breast diseases are mastopathy, fibroadenoma, cyst, and malignancy.

Mastopathy is a disease accompanied by diffuse or nodular changes in breast tissue. There are several types of mastopathy. If there are nodes, then this is nodular mastopathy, in the absence of formations - fibrocystic. The nodes can dissolve, otherwise surgery is required, since a malignant formation may occur.

Fibroadenoma is a benign formation of the mammary gland, which is detected by palpation on examination. Diagnosis may include mammography, ultrasound, and tissue biopsy. If fibroadenoma appears after 30 years, it is best to remove it as soon as possible.

A cyst is the formation of a sac of fluid in the mammary gland. Treatment is carried out by puncture with a syringe, which sucks out the liquid. If the fluid reappears periodically, then the cyst must be removed.

Breast cancer is an oncological disease with 4 stages of development. Treatment is carried out by surgery, radiation or medication.

Causes

Breast cancer occurs as a result of uncontrolled, active division of atypical cancer cells. If left untreated, the tumor grows rather quickly and can invade the muscles, skin, and chest. Cancer cells penetrate into the lymph nodes, and through the blood vessels they are carried throughout the body, due to which new tumors - metastases - arise. The occurrence of breast cancer is possible against the background of precancerous diseases, for example, fibroadenoma and mastopathy.

Breast cancer symptoms

- dense painless formation inside the breast;

- the mammary gland can change shape and shape;

- the mammary gland shrinks or its skin is pulled in;

- unusual pain or discomfort may occur in one of the mammary glands;

- the nipple can be drawn in, a seal or swelling appears on it;

- there may be nipple discharge, sometimes bloody;

- on the corresponding side, the lymph nodes located in the armpit may enlarge.

The main prevention is self-examination of the mammary glands, as well as regular visits to the gynecologist, mammologist, therapist.

Doctors say that cancer detected early can be cured in 97 percent of cases. Therefore, if you have any discomfort in the area of ​​the mammary glands, immediately contact a specialist.And also do not forget that the psychological attitude of a woman significantly affects the result of treatment.

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