High blood cholesterol is a significant cause for concern about your health. Often this problem can be solved by changing your lifestyle and diet. However, it should be remembered that there are two types of cholesterol: "good" and "bad".
The human body independently produces about 80% of cholesterol, the rest comes with food. Chemically, cholesterol is a naturally occurring fatty alcohol. Cell membranes, hormones and bile are built from it, it participates in metabolic processes and is contained in all parts of the body. It is an essential and very important element that allows the human body to function normally.
There are two main types of cholesterol that affect the body in completely different ways. The first contains high density lipoproteins, and the second contains low density lipoproteins. The higher the molecular weight of these particles, the easier it is to remove them from the walls of blood vessels. Accordingly, it is "good" cholesterol. But low molecular weight cholesterol is considered "bad" because it is deposited on the walls of blood vessels, provoking narrowing of their lumen and subsequent blockage.
In order to find out whether it is necessary to lower cholesterol levels, you should visit a doctor who will prescribe the necessary diagnostics. First of all, blood is donated for biochemical analysis. The level of total cholesterol will be seen from it. If this indicator turns out to be increased, then the second stage will be a detailed study of all the constituent components of total cholesterol. This analysis is called a lipid profile. Based on its results, it will be possible to judge the state of human health. The most important assessment parameter is the level of "bad" low molecular weight cholesterol. With increased rates, the doctor will prescribe an appropriate diet and medication.
There are certain risk factors in which a person needs to periodically diagnose and follow the rules to reduce the level of total cholesterol in the blood:
- malnutrition with a predominance of fatty foods, dairy and meat products;
- low physical activity;
- the presence of excess weight;
- genetic predisposition;
- the presence of diseases of internal organs: kidneys, liver, pancreas and cardiovascular system;
- age over 40;
- the presence of violations in the endocrine system.
It is imperative to take measures to lower cholesterol for people suffering from atherosclerosis and any cardiovascular diseases, as well as those who have a predisposition to these ailments. Excess cholesterol can provoke such dire consequences as, for example, myocardial infarction or stroke. In addition, excess cholesterol is deposited in the gallbladder, thickening over time and transforming into stones. Therefore, you should take care of your health in advance, establish a diet and not neglect physical activity.